Friday, March 23, 2012

Portuguese Muslim Kingdoms

Importand Muslim kingdoms which existed in what is now Portugal are the Taifa of Badajoz and the Taifa of Lisbon.

Notes on the Taifa of Lisbon

The Taifa of Lisbon was a medieval Taifa kingdom that existed in what is now Portugal from around 1022 to 1093.

List of Amirs

Banu Sabur dynasty
  • Abd al-Aziz bin Sabur: 1022– ?
  • Abd al-Malik bin Sabur: ? –c. 1065 ?
  • Seized briefly by León: 1093–5
  • To Morocco: c. 1100–1145

For a brief time during the Taifa period Lisbon was the center town in the Regulo Eslavo of the Taifa of Badajoz and then as an independent Taifa ruled by Abd al-Aziz ibn Sabur and Abd al-Malik ibn Sabur sons of Sabur al-Jatib(Sabur the Slav), a Slav that had been at the service of al-Hakam II before rulling the Taifa of Badajoz.

The Moorish influence is still present in Alfama, the old part of Lisbon that survived the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. Many placenames are derived from Arabic; the Alfama, the oldest existing district of Lisbon, for example, is derived from the Arabic "al-hamma".

Capital: Uşbuna
Language(s): Arabic, Mozarabic, Hebrew
Religion: Islam, Roman Catholicism, Judaism
Government: Monarchy
Historical era: Middle Ages
- Downfall of Caliphate of Córdoba 1022
- Conquered by the Kingdom of León 1093
Currency: Dirham and Dinar

Notes on the Taifa of Badajoz

The Taifa of Badajoz (from Arabic: Ta'waif al-Batalyaws‎) was a medieval Muslim kingdom in what is now parts of Portugal and Spain and centred on the city of Badajoz which exists today as the first city of Extremadura, in Spain.

It rose, like the other Taifa kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula, after the fragmentation of Al-Andalus (the Caliphate of Cordoba) in the late 10th and early 11th centuries, and ruled by the Aftasid dynasty. It was created by Sabur, a former slave of perhaps Slavic origin. The taifa's control extended over most of the ancient Lusitania, including Mérida and Lisbon. Sabur was succeeded in 1022 by his vizier, Abdallah ib al-Aftas, who founded at Aftasid dynasty. Sabur's sons fled to Lisbon, where they created the short-lived taifa of Lisbon, which was soon reconquered by Badajoz. In 1055 Badajoz became a tributary of the Kingdom of León-Castile, losing significant parts of its territory, south of the Mondego river (south of Coimbra). The Abbadids of Seville also conquered parts of their territory.

After the death of Abdallah's son, Abu Bakr, a civil war broke out between the latter's sons, Yahya and Abu, the former being victorious. His troops fought alongside the Almoravids against the Christian army in the battle of Sagrajas (1086), which occurred not far from Badajoz. However, after the Almoravid victory, Yahya, who feared their increasing power, allied with Alfonso VI of Castile. In 1094 the Almoravids occupied Badajoz and Yahya was killed together with two of his sons. A surviving son fled first to Montánchez and then to Alfonso's court.

After the taifa's original territory had been ruled by various kingdoms (Almoravids, Almohads, Portugal), a second independent taifa was shortly recreated in Badajoz, existing from 1144 to 1151, when it fell again under Almohad control.

List of Amirs
  • Abu Muhammad Abdallah ben Muhammad el Sabur al-Saqlabi: 1013-1022 (Slavic ruler).
  • Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Maslamah ibn al-Aftas: 1022-1027 (Aftasid dynasty) (Al-Mansur I of Badajoz).
  • Emirate of Sevilla control: 1027-1034.
  • Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Maslamah ibn al-Aftas: 1034-1045 (Aftasid dynasty) (Al-Mansur I of Badajoz) (second time).
  • Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abdallah al-Muzzaffar: 1045-1067 (Aftasid dynasty) (Modafar I of Badajoz).
  • Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Mansur: 1067-1073/1079 (Aftasid dynasty) (Al-Mansur II of Badajoz).
  • 'Umar ibn Muhammad al-Mutawakkil: 1073/1079-1094 (Aftasid dynasty).
  • Almoravids rule: 1094-1144.
  • Aben Hacham: 1144-1145.
  • To the Emir of Al'Garb Al'Andalus (Silves, in the Algarve) 1145-1146.
  • Sidrey 1146-1151.
  • Almohads control: 1151-1169.
  • Portuguese control: 1169-1170.
  • Almohads control: 1170-1227.
  • Kingdom of León-Castile control: 1227–present, except for the western part, under Portuguese control.
Taifa Kingdom of Badajoz, c. 1037.
Capital: Badajoz, currently in the Badajoz province, Extremadura, Spain
Language(s): Andalusi Arabic, Mozarabic , Ladino[citation needed]
Religion: Islam, Roman Catholicism, Judaism
Government: Monarchy
Historical era: Middle Ages
- Downfall of Caliphate of Córdoba 1009
- To the Almoravids 1094-1144
- Disestablished 1151
Currency: Dirham and Dinar


1 comment:

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